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Английский язык: Типичные ошибки - Предлоги

woman-wisdom-how-to-get-rid-of-your-husband-on-weekendsAngry with, not against
e.g. "The teacher was angry with him".
Note: We get angry with a person, but at a thing: e.g. "He was angry at the weather".
Also we get annoyed with, vexed with, indignant with a person, but at a thing.

Different from, not than.
e.g. "My book is different from yours".

Boast of or about, not for.
e.g. "James boasted of (or about) his strength".

Good at, not in.
e.g. "My sister is good at maths".
Note: Bad at, clever at, quick at, slow at, etc. However, weak in: e.g. "He's weak in grammar".
"He's good in class" means that his conduct is good.

Travel by train, not with the train etc.
e.g. "He travelled by train yesterday".
Note: We say: by train, by boat, by plain, by bike, also: by land, by sea, by air, by bus or on a bus, by car or in a car, by taxy or in a taxi; on horse-back, on a donkey, on a bicycle, on foot.

Exception to, not of.
e.g. "This is an exception to the rule".
Note: We say with the exception of: e.g. "She like all her subjects with the exception of physics".

Composed of, not from.
e.g. "Our class is composed of thirty students".

Guilty of, not for.
e.g. "He was found guilty of murder".

Conform to, not with.
e.g. "We must conform to the rules".

Die of an illness, not from an illness.
e.g. "Many people have died of malaria".
Note: People die of illness, of hunger, of thirst, of or from wounds; from overwork, by violence, by the sword, by pestilence, in battle, for their country, for a cause, through neglect, on the scaffold, at the stake.

Congratulate on, not for.
e.g. "I congratulate you on your success".

Depend on or upon, not from.
e.g. "It depends on (or upon) her".
Note: Rely on or upon: e.g. "I can't rely on (or upon) her".

Cure of, not from.
e.g. "The man was cured of his illness".

Anxious (= troubled) about, not for.
e.g. "They're anxious about his health."
Note: Anxious meaning "wishing very much" takes for: e.g. "Parents are anxious for their children's success."

Leave for a place, not to a place.
e.g. "They're leaving for England soon."

Covered with, not by.
e.g. "The mountains are covered with/in snow."

Believe in, not to.
e.g. "We believe in God."
Note: To believe in means to have faith. To believe (without the in) means to regard something as true: e.g. "I believe everything he says."

Careful of, with or about, not for.
e.g. "Elke's very careful of/about her health."
Or "You should be more careful with your money."
Note: Take care of: e.g. "He takes care of his money".

Deprive of, not from.
e.g. "Nelson Mandela was deprived of his freedom."

Indifferent to, not for.
e.g. "They're indifferent to politics."

Disappointed by, about or at, not from.
(a) by/at/about:
e.g. "Phillipa was disappointed by/about/at the low mark she got in the test."
(b) with/in:
e.g. "Jane was disappointed with/in her son."
Note: Before a person we use with or in, before a thing we use at, about or by and before a gerund we use at: e.g. "Keith is very disappointed at not winning the prize". We use that (optional before a new clause): e.g. "I was disappointed (that) I didn't get an invitation."

Interested in, not for.
e.g. "She's not interested in her work."

Divide into parts, not in parts.
e.g. "I divided the cake into four parts."
Note: A thing may be divided in half or in two: e.g. "Paul divided the apple in half (or in two)."

Get rid of, not from.
e.g. "I'll be glad to get rid of him."

Independent of, not from.
e.g. "Claire is independent of her parents."
Note: We say dependent on: e.g. "A child is dependent on his parents."

Live on, not from.
e.g. "He lives on his brother's money."
Note: Feed on: e.g. "Some birds feed on insects."

Dressed in, not with.
e.g. "The woman was dressed in black."
Note: "The woman is in black" is also correct.

Full of, not with of from.
e.g. "The jar was full of oil."
Note: Fill takes with: e.g. "Jane filled the glass with water."