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English for Travel: Prague, Czech Republic

prague-001

Mother of all Cities

“Every one of her stones brings to mind heroic drama.
Nowhere was life so storm tossed, so subject to upheavals,
so driven by passion, so gripped by furious and savage struggle…
Prague is one of those places which creates history.”
Ernest Denis

LISTENING & SPEAKING

ex. 1 Study the vocabulary before watching the documentary film about Prague. Names of places are in bold.

to play a key role – играть ключевую роль
the sovereignty and distinctiveness of the Czech nation – независимость и отличительные черты чехов
modern hurried lifestyle – современный быстрый стиль жизни
to undergo extensive changes – переносить масштабные изменения
to spread outward in all directions – разрастаться во все направления
nickname – прозвище
to attract immigrants – привлекать иммигрантов
to represent – представлять
a perfect union of the Romanesque, Gothic, Renaissance and baroque architectural styles – идеальный союз романского, готического, барочного архитектурных стилей и стиля эпохи Возрождения
historical location – историческое местоположение
Vltava River – Влтава, река, на которой расположен город Прага
belt – пояс
to walk along left or right bank of Prague – гулять по левому или правому берегу Праги
to be taken aback – быть ошеломленным
historical landmarks – исторический памятник
purity of architectural styles – чистота архитектурных стилей
appealing tourist destination – привлекательное место для туристов (appealing = attractive)
countless romantic cafes – бесчисленные романтические кафе
to be carried away by the wonderful atmosphere – быть увлеченным прекрасной атмосферой
independent – независимый
secular – светский, нецерковный
Prague Castle - Пражский Град, крепость в Праге, резиденция президента Чехии
palace – дворец
outstanding – выдающийся
Tuscany Palace – Тосканский дворец
Schwarzenberg Palace – дворец Шварценберга
Archbishop's Palace – дворец Архиепископа
monumental sculptures of fighting giants – монументальные скульптуры борющихся гигантов
entrance gate – входные ворота
changing of the castle guard – смена караула у замка
Presidential Standard – президентский штандарт
Matthias Gate – Ворота Матиаса
facade – фасад
Cathedral of St. Vitus – Собор Святого Вита (XIV век)
Romanesque rotunda – романская ротонда
The interior is richly decorated – внутреннее пространство богато украшено
stained glass windows – витражные окна
prominent painters – выдающиеся художники
royal mausoleum – королевский мавзолей
semiprecious stones – полудрагоценные камни
impetus – импульс, толчок, стимул
grandiose celebration – пышное празднование
coronation – коронация
Bohemia – Богемия
Statue of St. George – Статуя Святого Георгия
Vladislav Hall – зал Владислава
ceiling vaulting – система потолочных сводов
knightly tournaments – рыцарские турниры
Rudolph's Gallery – Галерея Рудольфа
remarkable – замечательный, удивительный
Spanish hall – испанский зал
to destroy – уничтожать
Basilica of St. George – Базилика Святого Георгия
Golden Lane – Золотая улочка
workshop – мастерская
romantic charm – романтическое очарование
to appreciate – ценить, принимать во внимание
Daliborka Tower – башня Далиборка, известная тюрьма
fortification – крепость, фортификационное сооружение
prisoner – арестованный, пленник
Old Castle steps – Замковая лестница
place of repose – место отдыха
Paradise, Royal, Wallenstein and Vrba Gardens – Райский, Королевский, Вальдштейнский и Вртбовский сады
?ern?n Palace – Чернинский дворец
expensively decorated – богато украшенный
Ministry of the Foreign Affairs – Министерство иностранных дел
original – первоначальный, оригинальный
The Loretto – Лорета или Лоретанский монастырь
bells – колокола
picturesque – живописный
The Lesser Quarter / Town – Мала Страна, «Пражский малый град»
a supreme example of Prague baroque style – высочайший пример пражского барочного стиля
Nerudova street – Нерудова улица
The House of Golden Chalice – дом золотой чаши
The House of the Three Golden Fiddles – дом трех золотых скрипок
Column of Holy Trinity – колонна святой троицы
plague – чума
freely accessible – свободно доступный
Wallenstein Palace – Дворец Валленштайна
ostentatious appearance and size – претенциозный внешний вид и размер
John Lennon memorial wall – мемориальная стена в память Джона Леннона
mill – мельница
oasis of peace – оазис мира и покоя
to provide a welcome stop and resting place – предоставлять приятное место для отдыха
magnificent view – великолепный вид
the charm that never fades – очарование, которое никогда не  исчезнет
Charles Bridge – Карлов мост
mortar – строительный раствор
Bedrich Smetana statue – памятник Бедржиху Сметане 
Old town – Старый город, «Старе-место»
population density – плотность населения
spiritual life – духовная жизнь
Old town square – площадь Старого города
astronomical clock – астрономические часы
opulent – богатый, напыщенный, пышный
prosperity – процветание, благосостояние
Church of our Lady before Tyn – Церковь нашей госпожи перед Тин
Golz-Kinský Palace – Дворец Гольц-Кинских
Štorch’s House – Шторхов дом
The house of the golden unicorn – дом золотого единорога
to encounter references to history at every corner – встречать ссылки на историю на каждом углу
practically – практически, фактически
to glance back into the past – взглянуть в прошлое
to savour the life and atmosphere – наслаждаться жизнью и атмосферой
minting of pence coins – чеканка пенсовых монет
unique – уникальный
valuable – ценный
Powder Tower – Пороховая Башня
New Town – Новый город, «Нове-место»
decorated with a mosaic – украшенный мозаикой
first-rate example of Czech art nouveaux style – первоклассный пример пражского стиля арт-нуво
humiliation and revival of the nation – унижение и возрождение нации
Moat street – «Улица на рве», Улица На Пршикопе
Wenceslas square - Вацлавская площадь
main artery – главная артерия
oasis of serenity – оазис спокойствия
National Museum – Национальный музей
Pantheon – Пантеон
archeological collection – археологическая коллекция
zoological expositions, including extinct animal species – зоологические экспозиции, включая вымершие виды животных
Anton?n Dvo??k – Антонин Дворжак
Carolinium – Каролинум, здание, принадлежащее одному из самых древних Европейских университетов
Theatre of the Estates – Сословный Театр
merchandise – товар
to take advantage of tradition and variety of the offerings on the market – воспользоваться традицией и разнообразием товаров на рынке
Bethlehem Chapel - Вифлеемская часовня
The Jewish town – Еврейский городок
cemetery – кладбище
Rudolfinum – Рудольфинум, концертный и выставочный зал
National Theatre – Национальный Театр
Dancing house – Танцующий дом
merging of the old and the new – слияние старого и нового
Žofín – Дворец Жофин, знаменитый ресторан
prestigious events – престижные события
ideal position in the centre of the city – идеальное расположение в центре города
hustle and bustle – суета, суматоха
high standard of cuisine – высокий кулинарный стандарт
amicable atmosphere – дружественная атмосфера
Petrin Hill – Петршинский холм
to escape the urban bustle – покинуть городскую суету
favourite getaway of young couples – любимое место молодых пар
public execution – публичная казнь
Strahov Monastery – Страговский монастырь
Vyšehrad Castle – Дворец Вышеград
a truly magical city – по-настоящему волшебный город
to attend cultural events – посещать культурные мероприятия
Laterna Magika theatre – театр Латерна Магика
an exceptional place for equally exceptional occasions – исключительное место для исключительных случаев

ex. 2 Watch the Prague Travel Guide video 

prague-003

ex. 3
Say whether the following sentences are true or false:

  1. Prague castle has three courtyards and it is the official residence of the Czech President.
  2. Prague is an example of only old architecture: Baroque, Romanesque, Gothic and Renaissance. There is nothing modern about this city.
  3. Prague is often compared to Paris, because it is located on the river.
  4. When Czech Republic was a part of Czechoslovakia, Bratislava was the capital. Only when the independent Czech Republic was formed, Prague became its capital.
  5. Prague Castle is relatively new. Its foundation dates back to XVI century.
  6. Cathedral of St. Vitus was built on place of a Romanesque rotunda.
  7. Vladislav Hall is the largest secular interior space of Prague Castle and it’s famous for its gothic star shaped ceiling vaulting.
  8. The most elegant room on Prague Castle is Italian hall.
  9. Maltese Square is named so because of the regular Maltese workers who came and settled there.
  10. New Town has the highest population density and the least amount of greenery.
  11. Old town hall is a 65-meter high tower; it has a famous Town hall astronomical clock with a procession of apostles above.
  12. B. Smetana had his school in the House of the golden fiddles.
  13. Carolinium is the newest and most beautiful building of Charles University and is an example of Prague art-deco style.


ex. 4
Choose the correct answer to the following questions (note that there may be more than one answer)

What are the nicknames of Prague?

a)      Golden Prague
b)      Silver Prague
c)       Baroque Prague
d)      Royal Prague

On how many hills is Prague located?

a)      ten
b)      five
c)       seven
d)      three

What city do people compare Prague to?

a)      Rome
b)      Paris
c)       London
d)      Madrid

What is the name of the river that flows through Prague?

a)      Elbe
b)      Vltava
c)       Morava
d)      Danube

What statues are there in front of Archbishop’s Palace?

a)      fighting lions
b)      flying angels
c)       Holy Trinity
d)      fighting giants

What is the Presidential Standard? 

a)      Flag of the country
b)      Flag of the city
c)       Flag used by the president
d)      Flag of the government

What is the oldest standing statue in Bohemia?

a)      riding statue of St. George
b)      riding statue of Charles
c)       riding statue of Prince Wenceslas
d)      riding statue of a boy

Where did Franz Kafka have his workshop?

a)      Jewish Town
b)      Nerudova Street
c)       Golden lane
d)      Kampa Island

What is Nerudova street famous for?

a)      for its markets
b)      for street artists and cafes
c)       for houses with strange names and house signs
d)      for its galleries and museums

What do fountains of the column of Holy Trinity symbolize?

a)      Life, Death and Resurrection
b)      Life, Mercy and Salvation
c)       Three virgins
d)      Poverty, purity and simplicity

Whose Memorial wall is located near Maltese Square?

a)      Yoko Ono
b)      Johnny Cash
c)       Oscar Wilde
d)      John Lennon

How do they call Kampa Island?

a)      Czech Venice
b)      Czech Florence
c)       Czech St. Petersburg
d)      Czech Tuscany

What is the length of Charles Bridge?

a)      1023,5 meters
b)      515.8 meters
c)       613,4 meters
d)      505,8 meters

What house has various paintings on its fa?ade?

a)      House of the Golden Unicorn
b)      House of the Golden Chalice
c)       ?torch’s House
d)      Golz-Kinsk? House

What building is decorated with mosaic?

a)      Public House
b)      National Museum
c)       National Theatre
d)      Theatre of the Estate

Who are the famous Czech composers?

a)      Claude Debussy
b)      Anton?n Dvo??k
c)       Edward  Elgar 
d)      Bed?ich Smetana

What is the name of the oldest university building in full use in Czech Republic?

a)      Rudolfinum
b)      ?of?n
c)       Wenceslas hall
d)      Carolinium

What opera by Mozart held its premiere in the Theatre of Estate?

a)      Don Giovanni
b)      The Magic Flute
c)       The Marriage of Figaro
d)      Cos? fan tutte

What building stood in place of modern ?of?n restaurant before it was built?

a)      theatre
b)      baths
c)       workshop
d)      royal residence

Where is the small version of the Eiffel tower located?

a)      Old Town
b)      Lesser Town
c)       Petrin Hill
d)      New Town

ex. 5 Answer the questions

  1. What was the role of Prague in the history of Czech Republic?
  2. What architectural styles bend together in Prague?
  3. What is Vltava River often compared to?
  4. Name some of the outstanding and most beautiful buildings on the Castle Square.
  5. What was the gift that Prince received from Henry the Fowler and kept in the Romanesque rotunda where Cathedral of St. Vitus was built?
  6. What are the walls of Cathedral of St. Vitus covered with? When and why was it finally finished?
  7. What is the purpose of Basilica of St. George now?
  8. What do you know about Golden Lane?
  9. What is Daliborka Tower and why was it named so?
  10. Paradise, Royal, Wallenstein and Vrba are names of what places?
  11. Why was the singing fountain in front of the Renaissance Pavilion in the Royal Garden named so?
  12. What was the original purpose of ?ern?n Palace which nowadays is the seat of Ministry of the foreign affairs?
  13. Why was Nerudova Street named so and why is it famous?
  14. How is the 20 meter high column of Holy Trinity on the Lesser Quarter Square decorated?
  15. How did the builder of Charles Bridge try to make it more stable and solid?
  16. Why was Powder Tower named so?
  17. Why was Moat Street named so?
  18. What do you know about National Museum?
  19. What was the peculiarity of the cemetery in Jewish Town?
  20. What is the purpose of ?of?n Castle now?
  21. What is Strahov Monastery famous for?
  22. What are musical fountains?


ex. 6
Discussion points.

  1. Prague deserved the reputation of one of the most beautiful cities of the world.
  2. In Prague modern hurried lifestyle bend together with the serene features of the old city.
  3. Prague architecture is the harmonious union of the old and the new.
  4. Tourist attractions of Prague: Prague Castle, Old Town, Lesser Town, New Town, Jewish Town
  5. Cultural events, theatres, museums and galleries you can visit in Prague.


ex. 7
Write a monologue “Prague, the Mother of All Cities”, describing the architecture, famous buildings, landmarks and tourist attractions of this city (20 sentences).

WRITING

ex. 1 Fill in the gaps

urban, location, union, underwent, sovereignty, outstanding, remarkable, distinctiveness, charm, glance, magical, references, decorated, originally, taken aback, key role, plague, appealing, resting, Castle, landmarks, Archbishop’s

  1. With its perfect ____ of different architectural styles Prague is truly ____ city.
  2. Prague is one of the most ____ tourist destinations, available to the visitor, attracts tourists all over the world.
  3. Prague always played a ____ in the history of Czech Republic. It represents ____ and ____ of the Czech nation.
  4. Basilica of St. George ____ a lot of changes throughout its history.
  5. Because of its historical ____ - Prague is situated on seven hills and a river – Prague is often compared to Rome.
  6. I was ____ by the magnificent views of the city.
  7. In the centre of the city there are a lot of historical ____: i.e. castle, palaces, churches and monuments.
  8. The most beautiful landmark of the city is Prague ____, it was built in the 9th century and is an official residence of the Czech President.
  9. The building that dominates the square is ____ Palace with the monumental statues of fighting giants.
  10. In the Pantheon of National Museum you can see busts of many ____ Czech people who played a key role in cultural and scientific life of the nation.
  11. This city is ____! You can let yourself be carried away by its atmosphere and romantic ____.
  12. Golden Lane was ____ a street of workshops.
  13. The column of Holy Trinity on the Lesser Town Square was built in memory of a terrible ____.
  14. Kampa Island provides a ____ place for inhabitants and guests of Prague.
  15. In Prague you can ____ references to the past at every corner.
  16. The front of Public House is ____ with mosaic.
  17. In national Museum you can ____ back into the past of this beautiful city.
  18. Many people go outside the city to escape the ____ bustle.


ex. 2
Make up your own sentences with the following words and phrases

  1. to play a key role -
  2. modern hurried lifestyle
  3. to escape the urban bustle -
  4. nickname –
  5. appealing –
  6. prominent painters –
  7. remarkable –
  8. romantic charm –
  9. to appreciate –
  10. place of repose –
  11. oasis of peace –
  12. to savour the life and atmosphere –
  13. to attend cultural events - 

prague-002